Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

What is IVDD and how does it impact a dog's mobility?

IVDD is a degenerative condition of the spine. Intervertebral discs cushion the space between the vertebrae in the spinal column. When these discs bulge or rupture it causes painful damage to the spinal cord, which can impact a dog's mobility. 80% of these disc herniations or "slipped discs" occur in the center of the back. Spinal IVDD causes rear leg weakness and sudden paralysis, usually after a small jump or fall.

IVDD Symptoms in Dogs

  • Wobbly gait
  • Sudden paralysis
  • A sudden "yelp" from pain followed by rear leg weakness
  • Rear paw knuckling or dragging feet
  • Incontinence
  • Back spasms 
IVDD Guide

Breeds Prone to IVDD

IVDD most commonly occurs in shorter dogs with long backs, such as:

  • Dachshund
  • Corgi

Other breeds that are at risk for IVDD include:

  • French Bulldog
  • Labrador Retriever
  • Basset Hound
  • Cocker Spaniel 
  • English Bulldog
  • German Shepherd